Old Testament Covenants Through New Testament Eyes – Davidic

Davidic Covenant


    The Davidic covenant is the promise that God made to David of an everlasting heir to the throne. Much like the Adamic covenant the actual word covenant is not specifically used, but it undoubtable that this is in-fact a covenant between God and David. “And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. 14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men” (2 Samuel 7:12-14). Psalm 89:3 records more specifically that a covenant was made between God and David, “I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant.”


The Covenant Broken Down


    God makes a promise with David that through him a kingdom will be established. The nation or kingdom of Israel under a monarch was already established. The special aspect of this covenant was that the people had chosen the previous king, but God had chosen David to be king. God was promising David that His hand would reside on the throne and God would quite literally, “set up thy seed.” Much like the Abraham covenant David was given the promise, but he really would not be able to see the fulfillment of what God had given him (Henry, 1994). The covenant was made with his decedents. 


Terms and Blessings of the Covenant


    The terms that were required by David and all those that followed him was an adherence to the law of God. “Although the covenant was promissory, it did not work automatically without human responsibility. The king who sat on David's throne was obligated to obey the commandments of God, 1 Chron. 28:7; 2 Chron. 7:17,18, (Diehl). It is a common theme found throughout the entire Old Testament and New Testament alike, God requires obedience. God says to David, “If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men.” Every covenant is founded upon this principle of complete obedience. Yet, with obedience there is always blessing. If David and his heirs continued to obey God though, His blessings were promised. 


Through New Testament Eyes


    “From the perspective given by the New Testament, the promise becomes strikingly clear. Matthew carefully traced the line of David to Jesus. Even today Jesus, the rightful Heir, lives! And one day soon He, Jesus of Nazareth, will take the throne” (Richards, L., & Richards, L. O., 1987).  The New Testament reader immediately sees the promise that God made to David as a reality with the bloodline of Jesus’ lineage. Jesus, the son of God, is the rightful and perfect heir to the throne of David. He will reign eternally upon a throne of majesty, in continuation of the convent God made with David. This is not the only aspect of the covenant that is still true today though. Just like David and his sons, we as the children of the promise of God given to us by Jesus, must obey the word of God. In order to enjoy and partake in the promises that God has given to us, we have to obey scriptures throughout the New Testament. Acts 2:38 gives us the formula of salvation; Jesus paid the price for our salvation, but we have to obey to walk in newness of life.